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  1. Jensen JH, Helpern JA. Quantifying non-Gaussian water diffusion by means of pulsed-field gradient MRI. In: Proceedings of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine eleventh scientific meeting. 2154, 2003
  2. Jensen JH, Helpern JA, Ramani A, Lu H, Kaczynski K. Diffusional kurtosis imaging: the quantification of non-Gaussian water diffusion by means of MRI. Magn Reson Med 2005; 1432 to 1440.
  3. Lu H, Jensen JH, Ramani A, Helpern JA. Three-dimensional characterization of non-Gaussian water diffusion in humans using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). NMR Biomed 2006; 19:236 to 247.
  4. Jensen JH, Helpern JA. MRI Quantification of non-Gaussian water diffusion by kurtosis analysis. NMR Biomed 2010; 23:698 to 710.
  5. Decarlo LT. On the meaning and use of kurtosis. Psychological Methods 1997; 2:292 to 307.
  6. Lazar M, Jensen JH, Xuan L, Helpern JA. Estimation of the orientation distribution function from diffusional kurtosis imaging. Magn Reson Med 2008;60:774 to 781.
  7. Jensen JH, Helpern Ja, Tabesh A. Leading non-Gaussian corrections for diffusion orientation distribution function. NMR Biomed 2014; 27(2):202 to 11.
  8. Tabesh A, Jensen JH, Ardekani BA, Helpern JA, Estimation of tensors and tensor-derived measures in diffusional kurtosis imaging. Magn Reson Med 2011; 65:823 to 836.
  9. Falangola MF, Jensen JH, Babb JS, Hu C, Castellanos FX, Dimartino A, Ferris SH, Helpern JA. Age-related non-Gaussian diffusion patterns in the prefrontal brain. J Magn Reson Imaging 2008;28:1345 to 1350.
  10. Hui ES, Cheung MM, Qi L, Wu EX. Towards better MR characterization of neural tissues using directional diffusion kurtosis analysis. Neuroimage 2008; 42:122 to 134.
  11. Cheung MM, Hui ES, Chan KC, Helpern JA, Qi L, Wu EX. Does diffusional kurtosis imaging lead to better neural tissue characterization? A rodent brain maturation study. Neuroimage 2009, 45:386 to 392.
  12. Raab P, Hattingen E, Franz K, Zanella FE, Lanfermann H. Cerebral gliomas: diffusional kurtosis imaging analysis of microstructural differences. Radiology 2010; 254:876 to 881.
  13. Wu EX, Cheung MM. MR diffusion kurtosis imaging for neural tissue characterization. NMR Biomed 2010; 23:836 to 848.
  14. Helpern Ja, Adisetiyo V, Falangola MF, Hu C, Di Martino A, Williams K, Castellanos FX, Jensen JH. Preliminary evidence of altered gray and white matter microstructural development in the frontal lobe of adolescents with ADHD: a diffusional kurtosis imaging study.
  15. Jensen JH, Falangola MF, Hu C, Tabesh A, Rapalino O, Lo C, Helpern JA. Preliminary observations of increased diffusional kurtosis in human brain following recent cerebral infarction. NMR Biomed 2011; 24:452 to 457.
  16. Grossman EJ, Ge Y, Jensen JH, Babb JS, Miles L, Reaume J, Silver JM, Grossman RI, Inglese M. Thalamus and cognitive impairment in mild traumatic brain injury: a diffusional kurtosis imaging study. J Neurotrauma 2011. 
  17. Fieremans E, Jensen JH, Helpern JA. White matter characterization with diffusional kurtosis imaging. Neuroimage 2011; 58:177 to 188.
  18. Zhou J, Xu S, Proctor JL, Mullins RJ, Simon JZ, Fiskum G, Gullapalli RP. Diffusion kurtosis as an in vivo imaging marker for reactive astrogliosis in traumatic brain injury. Neuroimage 2012, 59:467 to 477.
  19. Van Cauter S, Veraart J, Sijbers J, Peeters RR, Himmerlreich U, De Keyzer F, Van Gool SW, Van Calenbergh F, De Vleeschouwer S, Van Kecke W, Sunaert S. Gliomas diffusion kurtosis MR imaging in grading. Radiology 2012; 263:492 to 501.
  20. Bonilha L, Lee CY, Jensen JH, Tabesh A, Spampinato MV, Edwards JC, Breedlove J, Helpern JA. Altered Microstructure in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Diffusional Kurtosis Imaging Study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2014.
  21. Hui ES, Russell Glenn G, Helpern JA, Jensen JH. Kurtosis analysis of neural diffusion organization. Neuroimage 2014.
  22. Falangola MF, Guilfoyle DN, Tabesh A, Hui ES, Nie X, Jensen JH, Gerum SV, Hu C, LaFrancois J, Collins HR, Helpern JA. Histological correlation of diffusional kurtosis and white matter modeling metrics in cuprizone-induced corpus callosum demyelination. NMR Biomed 2014; (8):948 to 57.
  23. Lee CY, Tabesh A, Spampinato MV, Helpern JA, Jensen JH, Bonilha L. Diffusional kurtosis imaging reveals a distinctive pattern of microstructural alternations in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Acta Neurol Scand 2014; 130(3):148 to 55.
  24. Benitez A, Fieremans E, Jensen JH, Falangola MF, Tabesh A, Ferris SH, Helpern JA. White matter tract integrity metrics reflect the vulnerability of late-myelinating tracts in Alzheimer's disease. Neuroimage Clin 2013; 4:64 to 71.
  25. Paydar A, Fieremans E, Nwankwo JI, Lazar M, Sheth HD, Adisetiyo V, Helpern JA, Jensen JH, Mila SS. Diffusional kurtosis imaging of the developing brain. AJNR Am J Neuroadiol 2014; 35(4):808 to 14.
  26. Lee CY, Tabesh A, Benitez A, Helpern JA, Jensen JH, Bonilha L. Microstructural integrity of early-versus late-myelinating white matter tracts in medial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia 2013; 54(10):1801 to 9.
  27. Adisetiyo V, Tabesh A, Di Martino A, Falangola MF, Castellanos FX, Jensen JH, Helpern JA. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder without comorbidity is associated with distinct atypical patterns of cerebral microstructural development. Hum Brain Mapp 2014; 35(5):2148 to 62.
  28. Fieremans E, Benitez A, Jensen JH, Falangola MF, Tabesh A, Deardorff RL, Spampinato MV, Babb JS, Novikov DS, Ferris SH, Helpern JA. Novel white matter tract integrity metrics sensitivity to Alzheimer disease progression. AJNR Am J Neuroadiol. 2013; 34(11):2105 to 12.
  29. Falangola MF, Jensen JH, Tabesh A, Hu C, Deardorff RL, Babb JS, Ferris S, Helpern JA. Non-Gaussian diffusion MRI assessment of brain microstructure in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Magn Reson Imaging 2013; 31(6):840 to 6.
  30. 30. Grossman EJ, Jensen JH, Babb JS, Chen Q, Tabesh A, Fieremans E, Xia D, Inglese M, Grossman RI. Cognitive impairment in mild traumatic brain injury: a longitudal diffusion kurtosis and perfusion imaging study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013; 34(5):951 to 7.
  31. Yang AW, Jensen JH, Hu CC, Tabesh A, Falangola MF, Helpern JH. Effect of cerebral spinal fluid suppression for diffusional kurtosis imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging 2013; 37(2):365 to 71.
  32. Hui ES, Fieremans E, Jensen JH, Tabesh A, Feng W, Bonilha L, Spampinato MV, Adams R, Helpern JA. Stroke assessment with diffusional kurtosis imaging. Stroke 2012; 43(11):2968 to 73.
  33. Sun PZ, Wang Y, Mandeville E, Chan ST, Lo EH, Ji X. Validation of fast diffusion kurtosis MRI for imaging acute ischemia in a rodent model of stroke. NMR Biomed. 2014; 27(11):1413 to 8.
  34. Gong NJ, Wong CS, Chan CC, Leung LM, Chu YC. Aging in deep gray matter and white matter revealed by diffusion kurtosis imaging. Neurobiol Aging 2014; 35 (10):2203 to 16.
  35. Umesh Rudrapatna S, Wieloch T, Beirup K, Ruscher K, Mol W, Yanex O, Leemans A, van der Toorn A, Dijkhuizen RM. Can diffusion kurtosis imaging improve the sensitivity and specificity of detecting microstructural alterations in brain tissue chronically after experimental stroke? Comparison with diffusion tensor imaging and histology. Neuroimage 2014; 97:363 to 73.
  36. Lazar M, Miles LM, Babb JS, Donaldson JB. Axonal deficits in young adults with High Functional Autism and their impact on processing speed. Neruoimage Clin 2014; 4:417 to 25.
  37. Van Cauter S, De Keyzer F, Sima DM, Sava AC, D'Arco F, Veraart J, Peeters RR, Leemans A, Van Gool S, Wilms G, Demaerel P, Van Huffel S, Sunaert S, Himmerlreich U. Integrating diffusional kurtosis imaging, dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast-enhanced MRI, and short echo time chemical shift imaging for grading gliomas. Neuro Oncol 2014; 16(7):1010 to 21.
  38. Tomiyama H, Hatano T, Motoi Y, Abe O, Shimoji K, Kamiya K, Suzuki M, Hori M, Yoshida M, Hattori N, Aoki S. A preliminary diffusional kurtosis imaging study of Parkinson disease comparison with conventional diffusion tensor imaging. Kamagata K, Neuroradiology 2014; 56(3):251 to 8.
  39. Shimoji K, Uka T, Tamura Y, Yoshida M, Kamagata K, Hori M, Motoi Y, Watada H, Kawamori R, Aoki S. Diffusional kurtosis imaging analysis in patients with hypertension. Jpm J radiol 2014; 32(2):98 to 104.
  40. Coutu JP, Chen JJ, Rosas HD, Salat DH. Non-Gaussian water diffusion in aging white matter. Neurobiol Aging 2014; 35(6): 1412 to 21.
  41. Steven AJ, Zhou J, Melhem ER. Diffusion kurtosis imaging: an emerging technique for evaluating the microstructural environment of the brain. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014; 202(1):W26 to 33/
  42. Zhang Y, Yan X, Gao Y, Xu D, Wu J, Li Y. A preliminary study of epilepsy in children using diffusional kurtosis imaging. Clin Neuroadiol 2013; 23(4):293 to 300.
  43. Vanhoutte G, Pereson S, Delgado Y, Palacios R, Guns PJ, Asselbergh B, Veraart J, Sijbers J, Verhoye M, Van Broeckhoven C, Van der Linden A. Diffusion kurtosis imaging to detect amyloidosis in an APP/PS1 mouse model for Alzheimer's disease. Magn Reson Med. 2013; 69(4):1115 to 21.
  44. Li X, Gao J, Hou X, Chan KC, Ding A, Sun Q, Wan M, Wu EX, Yang J. Diffusion kurtosis imaging with tract based spatial statistics reveals white matter alterations in preschool children. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012; 2012:2298 to 301.
  45. Gong NJ, Wong CS, Chan CC, Leung LM, Chu YC. Correlations between microstructural alterations and severity of cognitive deficiency in Alzheimers disease and mild cognitive impairment: a diffusional kurtosis imaging study. Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Jun; 31(5):668 to 94.
  46. Hori M, Fukunaga I, Masutani Y, Taoka T, Kamagata K, Suzuki Y, Aoki S. Visualizing non-Gaussian diffusional clinical application of q-space imaging and diffusional kurtosis imaging of the brain and spine. Magn Reson Med Sci. 2012;11(4):221 to 33.
  47. Yoshida M, Hori M, Yokoyama K, Fukanaga I, Suzuki M, Kamagata K, Shimoji K, Nakanishi A, Hattori N, Masutani Y, Aoki S. Diffusional kurtosis imaging of normal appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis: preliminary clinical experience. Jpm J Radiol. 2013; 31(1):50 to 5.
  48. Latt J, Nilsson M, Wirestam R, Stahlberg F, Karlsson N, Johansson M, Sundgren PC, van Westen D. Regional values of diffusional kurtosis estimated in the healthy brain. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013; 37)3_:610 to 8.
  49. Cheung JS, Wang E, Lo EH, Sun PZ, Stratification of heterogeneous diffusion MRI ischemic lesion with kurtosis imaging: evaluation of mean diffusion and kurtosis MRI mismatch in an animal model of transient focal ischemia. Stroke. 2012; 43(8):2252 to 4.
  50. Blockx I, Veroye M, Van Audekerke J, Bergwerf I, Kane JX, Delgado Y, Palacios R, Veraart J, Jeurissen B, Raber K, von Horsten S, Ponsaerts P, Sijbers J, Leergaard TB, Van der Linden A. Identification and characterization of Huntington related pathology; an in vivo DKI imaging study. Neuroimage. 2012; 63(2):653 to 62.
  51. Hui ES, Du F, Huang S, Shen Q, Duoung TQ. Spatiotemporal dynamics of diffusional kurtosis, mean diffusivity and perfusion changes in experimental stroke. Brain Res. 2012; 1451:100 to 9.
  52. Taoka T, Fujioka M, Sakamoto M, Miyasaka T, Akashi T, Ochi T, Hori S, Uchikoshi M, Xu J, Kichikawa K. Time course of axial and radial diffusion kurtosis of white matter infarctions: period of pseudonormalization. AJNR Am J Neuroadiol 2014; 35(8):1509 to 14.
  53. Trampel R, Jensen JH, Lee RF, Kamenetskiy I, McGuinness G, Johnson G. Diffusional kurtosis imaging in the lung using hyperpolarized 3He. Magn Reson Med 2006; 56:733 to 737.
  54. Jansen JF, Stambuk HE, Koutcher JA, Shukla-Dave A. Non-gaussian analysis of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a feasibility study. AJNR Am J Nueroradiol 2010; 31:741 to 748.
  55. Rosenkrantz AB, Sigmund EE, Johnson G, Babb JS, Mussi TC, Melamed J, Taneja SS, Lee VS, Jensen JH. Prostate cancer: feasibility and preliminary experience of a diffusional kurtosis model for detection and assessment of aggressiveness of peripheral zone cancer. Radiology 2012.
  56. Tamura C, Shinmoto H, Soga S, Okamura T, Sato H, Okuaki T, Pang Y, Kosuda S, Kaji T. Diffusion kurtosis imaging study of prostate cancer: preliminary findings. J Magn Reson Imaging 2014; 40(3):723 to 9.
  57. Suo S, Chen X, Wu L, Zhang X, Yao Q, Fan Y, Wang H, Xu J. Non-Gaussian water diffusion kurtosis imaging of prostate cancer. Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Jun;32(5):421 to 7.
  58. Rosenkrantz AB, Prabhu V, Sigmund EE, Babb JS, Deng FM, Taneja SS. Utility of diffusional kurtosis imaging as a marker of adverse pathologic outcomes among prostate cancer active surveillance candidates undergoing radical prostatectomy. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2013; 201(4):840 to 6.
  59. Wu D, Li G, Zhang J, Chang S, Hu J, Dai Y. Characterization of Breast Tumors Using Diffusion Kurtosis Imaging (DKI). PLoS One 2014; 9(11).
  60. Marschar AM, Kuder TA, Stietjes B, Nagel AM, Bachert P, Laun FB. In vivo imaging of the time-dependent apparent diffusional kurtosis in the human calf muscle. J Magn Reson Imaging 2014.
  61. Rosenkrantz AB, Sigmund EE, Winnick A, Niver BE, Spieler B, Morgan GR, Haijdu CH. Assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma using apparent diffusion coefficient and diffusion kurtosis indices: preliminary experience in fresh liver explants. Magn Reson Imaging 2012; 30(10):1534 to 40.
  62. Glenn GR. Tabesh A, Jensen JH. A simple noise correction scheme for diffusional kurtosis imaging. Magn Reson Imaging 2015; 33(1):124 to 33.
  63. Fieremans E, Pires A, Jensen JH. A simple isotropic phantom for diffusional kurtosis imaging. Magn Reson Med 2012; 68(2):537 to 42.
  64. Phillips J, Charles-Edwards GD. A simple and robust test object for the assessment of isotropic diffusion kurtosis. Magn Reson Med 2014.
  65. Masutani Y, Aoki S. Fast and robust estimation of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) parameters by general closed-form expressions and their extensions. Magn Reson Med Sci 2014; 13(2):97 to 115.
  66. Li X, Yang J, Gao J, Luo X, Zhou Z, Hu Y, Wu EX, Wan M. A robust post-processing workflow for datasets with motion artifacts in diffusion kurtosis imaging. PLoS One 2014; 9(4):e94592.
  67. Andre ED, Grinberg F, Farrher E, Maximov II, Shah NJ, Meyer C, Jaspar M, Muto V, Phillips C, Balteau E. Influence of noise correction on intra- and inter-subject variability of quantitative metrics in diffusion kurtosis imaging. Plos One 2014; 9(4):e94531.
  68. Tax CM, Otte WM, Viergever MA, Dijkhuizen RM, Leemans A. REKINDLE: Robust extraction of kurtosis Indices with linear estimation. Magn Reson Med 2014.
  69. Funkunaga I, Hori M, Masutani Y, Hamasaki N, Sato S, Suzuki Y, Kumagai F, Kosuge M, Hoshito H, Kamagata K, Shimoki K, Nakanishi A, Aoki S, Senoo A. Effects of diffusional kurtosis imaging parameters on diffusion quantification. Radiol Phys Technol 2013; 6(2):343 to 8.
  70. Szczepankiewicz F, Latt J, Wirestam R, Leemans A, Sundgren P, van Westen D, Stahlberg F, Nilsson M. Variability in diffusion kurtosis imaging: impact on study design, statistical power and interpretation. Neuroimage 2013, 76:145 to 54.
  71. Lee CY, Bennett KN, Debbins JP. Sensitivities of statistical distribution model and diffusion model in varying microstructural environments: a Monote Carlo study. J Magn Reson 2013; 230:19 to 26.
  72. Weber RA, Hui ES, Jensen JH, Nie X, Falangola MF, Helpern JA, Adkins DL. Diffusional kurtosis and diffusion tensor imaging reveal different time-sensitive stroke-induced microstructural changes. Stroke. 2015 Feb;46(2):545 to 50.
  73. Nie X, Hamlett ED, Granholm AC, Hui ES, Helpern JA, Jensen JH, Boger HA, Collins HR, Falangola MF. Evidence of altered age-related brain cytoarchitecture in mouse models of down syndrome: a diffusional kurtosis imaging study. Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Dec 16.
  74. Hansen B, Lund TE, Sangill R, Jespersen SN. Experimentally and computationally fast method for estimation of mean kurtosis. Magn Reson. Med 2013; 69:1754 to 1760.
  75. Basser P, Pierpaoli C. Microstructural and physiological features of tissue elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI. Magn Reson. 1996; 111, 209 to 219.
  76. Glenn GR, Helpern JA, Tabesh A, Jensen JH. Quantitative assessment of diffusional kurtosis anisotropy. NMR Biomed. 2015 Feb 26.