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Carol Wagner MD

Carol L. Wagner MD

DCRI Faculty Search Committee

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  • Professor
  • College of Medicine
  • Pediatrics
Academic Focus
  • Human milk/breast milk bioactivity
  • Vitamin D requirements of pregnant and lactating women and their infants
  • Neonatal nutrition
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Education & Training:
Brown University, 1981, A.B. in Human Biology
Boston University School of Medicine, 1986, M.D. in Medicine
University of Rochester/Strong Memorial, 1989, Residency in Pediatrics
University of Rochester/Strong Memorial, 1992, Fellowship in Neonatology

Research Interests:

The Wagner laboratory is centrally focused on research in neonatology and human nutrition, with specific training and expertise in vitamin D biology. The research includes the vitamin D requirements of pregnant and lactating women and their infants with long-term follow-up. Dr. Wagner has led several clinical and translational trials on Vitamin D research.

Highlight Publications:

Wagner CL, Forsythe DW, Pittard WB III. (1995) Variation in the biochemical forms of transforming growth factor-alpha present in human milk and secreted by human milk macrophages. Biol Neonate, 68: 325-333. PMID: 8835087.
Wagner CL, Forsythe DW, Wagner MT (1998) The effect of recombinant TGFa, human milk, and human milk macrophage media on gut epithelial proliferation is decreased in the presence of a neutralizing antibody.  Biol Neonate, 74: 363-371. PMID: 11065088.
Eicher DJ, Wagner CL, Katikaneni LP, Hulsey TC, Bass TT, Kaufman DA, Horgan MJ, Languani S, Bhatia JJ, Givelichian LM, Sankaran K, Yager JY. (2005) Moderate hypothermia in neonatal encephalopathy: Efficacy outcomes. Pediatr Neurology, 32(1): 11-17. PMID: 15607598.
Wagner CL, Wagner MT, Gleaton K, Cohen M, Ebeling M, Hulsey TC.  (2006) Are maternal personality traits associated with breastfeeding initiation? J Hum Lact, 22:16-26. PMID: 16467284.
Wagner CL, Greer FR. (2008) Prevention of rickets and vitamin D deficiency in infants, children, and adolescents, Pediatrics, 122(5):1142-52, PMID: 18977996.
Taylor SN, Basile LA, Ebeling M, Wagner CL. (2009) Intestinal Permeability in Preterm Infants by Feeding Type: Mother's Milk versus Formula. Breastfeeding Med,
Appelgren KE, Nietert PJ, Hulsey TC, Hollis BW, Wagner CL. (2010) Analyzing adherence to prenatal supplement: does pill count measure up? International journal of endocrinology, PMID: 20169132.
Wagner CL, McNeil RB, Johnson DD, Hulsey TC, Ebeling M, Robinson C, et al. (2013) Health characteristics and outcomes of two randomized vitamin D supplementation trials during pregnancy: A combined analysis, J. Steroid Biochem. and Mol. Biol., PMID: 23314242.
Wagner CL, Boan AD, Marzolf A, Finch CW, Morella K, Guille C, Gardner Z, Marriott BP (2018) The Safety of Mother's Milk® Tea: Results of a Randomized Double-Blind, Controlled Study in Fully Breastfeeding Mothers and Their Infants. J Hum Lact., [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30005170.
Newton DA, Baatz JE, Kindy MS, Gattoni-Celli S, Shary JR, Hollis BW, Wagner CL. (2019) Vitamin D binding protein polymorphisms significantly impact vitamin D status in children. Pediatr Res, [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30712059.
Jefferson KK, Parikh HI, Garcia EM, Edwards DJ, Serrano MG, Hewison M, Shary JR, Powell AM, Hollis BW, Fettweis JM, Strauss Iii JF, Buck GA, Wagner CL. (2019) Relationship between vitamin D status and the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy. J Perinatol., [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 30858609.